History of Gogolewo village

Gogolewo is a knights’ village located 4 km north of Książ Wielkopolski. It derives its name from “gogoł” – the common goldeneye. The above shows that in the vicinity of the village, there was plenty of old deciduous forests, because this type of duck nests in cavities in large trees, places that are very calm, and such conditions in former centuries prevailed in the surroundings of Gogolewo. The forests, now mainly coniferous, and the specific tranquility have been preserved in the Gogolewo area to this day. The first historical mention of Gogolewo comes from 1149, when Sędziwój donated the village to the monastery of Saint Vincent in Wrocław. In later centuries, Gogolewo was the heritage of the old line of Doliwa family from Rozdrażewo. The representative of this family, who signed as Paszek from Gogolewo, was a chamberlain from Kalisz, later a judge from Poznań, the owner of Gogolewo, Lutogniew, Rozdrażew and Kępa in the years 1392 – 1425. Paszek built the first wooden church in Gogolewo, which was dedicated to Saint John the Evangelist and Saint Stanislaus. This temple was consecrated on October 23, 1390. Then, Gogolewo for about 200 years, until 1640 was owned by Rozdrażewscy family – Jarosław, Jan, Wacław and their descendants. The next owners were Mielińscy, Cieleccy, Grzymułtowscy, Grabowscy, from whom, in the middle of the 18th century, the estate was purchased by Ludwik Skrzetuski.

At that time, and precisely in 1777, the temple in Gogolewo was burned down by a lightning strike. In 1779, a new wooden baroque church which survived unchanged to our times was built. The church was constructed on a small hill at the bend of the Warta River, where, as the legend says, the cross flowing against the river stream stopped. This event was taken as a sign from God and mobilized the locals to build a temple. To commemorate this event, the church’s call was changed to the Exaltation of the Holy Cross.

In difficult times for Poland in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, it was important for the local society that the services that were celebrated in the temple and all sacraments were in Polish. Therefore, lay people who felt Poles often came to the village from very distant sites. This temple at that time became a cradle of Polishness.

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Manor House in the past

A historic mansion from the end of the 18th century, an example of Polish neoclassical architecture, situated on a quadrangular plan. The one-story building is located on beautiful barrel vaulted cellars (the manor house basement is in ¾), covered with a high pediment roof with a usable part of the attic, with a four-column portico topped with a triangular tympanum. Originally, the driveway and the entrance to the manor house were from the south and led through the courtyard of the farm. The manor was rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century, in accordance with the Polish tradition of the time, to separate the farm buildings from the landowning seat. The residential complex includes a small rural park, with several centuries-old trees (common ash, red oak, common oak and a beautiful spreading small-leaved lime tree located in the immediate vicinity of the manor house). The building was founded on a rectangular plan with dimensions of 20 m x 10 m, with a well-chosen proportions, one-storied  on barrel vaulted beautiful cellars, covered with a high cape roof with a developed part of the attic. The manor facades supported by a plastered pedestal, with rectangular windows with vines around.

Manor House over the years